Quest migration manager for exchange client profile updating utility
Introduction to Surveying, Types of land surveys; Instruments, Topograhpic maps and its interpretation, Measurements and Errors; Units; Types of Errors; Precision and Accuracy; Error Propagation.
Concepts of GPS; GPS receivers; GPS positioning mode- point positioning & relative positioning (DGPS & RTK GPS); GPS accuracy and error sources, Applications of GPS.
Teams of students will act as separate ‘consulting agencies’ and will carry out complete planning, analysis, design and construction planning for these components.
The teams will be required to merge their designs of individual components of the entire project towards the end and present a consolidated plan, design and construction plan of the entire project.
Special topics inf the form of case studies will be discussed related to: Introduction to sustainability: humanity and environment, the evolution of environmental policy, climate and global change, climate processes: external and internal controls, modern climate change, climate projections, biosphere, soil and sustainability, biodiversity and ecosystem functions, physical resources: water, pollution, minerals, environmental and resource economics, modern environmental management, systems of waste management, sustainable energy systems, sustainable infrastructure, embodied energy, life cycle, sustainable materials and construction, problem solving and tools of sustainability Phase relations; Soil classification, index properties, grain-size distribution; Effective stress principle; Flow through porous media, Darcy’s law, permeability, different heads, 2-D Seepage and flow nets; Compaction characteristics; Compressibility and Consolidation characteristics, 1-D compression response, Terzaghi’s theory of consolidation, secondary consolidation; Settlement of foundations, immediate and time-dependent settlement, allowable settlement; Shear-strength of Soil, Mohr-coulomb failure criteria, direct shear and UC tests; in situ test – SPT, CPT; Earth-pressure theory, Coulomb and Rankine approaches; Bearing capacity, failure modes, generalized bearing capacity equation, net- and gross bearing capacity, allowable bearing pressure.
Identification of different rock types and landforms in the area.
A big construction project will be considered and will be sub-divided into several components.
Engineering properties and classification of intact rock and rock masses; Geophysical methods and deformability tests in rock mass; Estimation of stresses in rock mass; Rock tunneling; Stability of rock slopes; Drilling and Blasting for underground and open excavations; Grouting in rocks; Rock reinforcement; Rock foundation.
Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Multi Degree-of-Freedom Systems; Modal Analysis; Numerical Methods; Seismology, Earthquake Dynamics; Nonlinearity; Structural Design Approaches, Displacement Prediction; Damage Measures; Capacity Design; Reinforced Concrete Structures; Steel Structures.
Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.